Phalaenopsis orchid is the most commonly found orchid. They can be purchased just about anywhere that sells flowers and indoor plants. Phalaenopsis are extremely common because they are easily available everywhere, are the easiest to grow and re-bloom under home conditions, and have long-lasting flowers that are colorful and some are even blossoming with sweet fragrance. You may also here these referred to as Moth Orchids because the blooming flowers are said to look like moths in flight. Within the Horticulture community, this Orchid is also referenced as “phal” from time to time as well.
They are found in just about every color, you name it and this orchid has it, except for blue. They even come in patterned and blotched designs these days. The Phalaenopsis orchid is the best for a first-timer and you will not be disappointed!
Phalaenopsis orchids are primarily indoor orchids because they require constant temperatures above 60 degrees in order to survive. This variety is considered a “low light orchid” and does not like full sunlight. Place this orchid in a window that does not receive full light, or anywhere that gets indirect sunlight. When in bloom, you can move your Moth Orchid anywhere you would like to display.
Your watering schedule depends entirely on what kind growing medium you are using. Using bark will require more often watering then if you are using moss. The heat and amount of sunlight hitting your indoor plant will also affect how often you need to water. Check your Phalaenopsis orchid daily and water if it feels dry. Feel the weight of the pot after watering and again when it needs watering. Eventually, you will get a feel for the difference in the weight or your orchid and will be able to use that to tell.
Water this orchid in the morning using tap water, not salt softened or distilled water. Let the water run through the growing medium and drain out of the bottom for about a minute. Let the excess water drain out before returning the Phalaenopsis Orchid back to its home. If you see excess water in the crown (the area where the leaves join together), towel dry it to avoid crown rot.
Fertilization is essential when growing a Moth Orchid. Fertilizer is what encourages the indoor plant to produce flowers and bloom. Orchids will bloom only when healthy, and fertilizing will help get them to this point. Use a well-balanced formula (20-20-20 for example) at half strength every other week when watering.